Currently, a large number of frameworks are available for you on the Internet that can help you develop any kind of web application.
To understand which of the web development frameworks is best for you, we need to dig deeper.
The two major frameworks available are Django and Laravel and this blog will guide you thoroughly to give you a better understanding of these frameworks.
What are Web Development Frameworks?
Web Development in itself is an intensely complicated process, however, it can be made drastically simpler, thanks to the availability of a variety of web resources, APIs, and web services. These resources are referred to as frameworks. Their main function is to run a particular web application online, successfully.
Frameworks make things easier and smoother for young developers, who are willing to enter the web development field.
Frameworks help your skin through and skip the hassle to develop low-level infrastructure and arrive directly at the business logic of your app so that you can create a neat and professional application.
These frameworks, mainly comprise of
- Templates that are used to provide information to a user
- Perfect programming setting and environment
- An Application Programming Interface or API
- Essentials to create a content management system
- Development frameworks are mainly of two types – Frontend Frameworks and Backend Frameworks.
As the name suggests, frontend refers to all the aspects of the web that the users can see. Frontend frameworks comprise packages and codes that are pre-written, organized in various folders. Frontend frameworks, act as pillars, upon which you can very conveniently and seamlessly build your final product.
A typical frontend framework comprises
- Grids that help you properly organize the design elements.
- In-built font sizes and styles
- In-built website components like side panels, navigation bars, buttons, and more.
Backend programming refers to server-side programming. Backend, as the name suggests, involves everything that takes place under-the-hood. The main functions of backend frameworks include the implementation of server-side logics, like retrieving data, storing data, dealing with and processing data, and last but not the least, managing responses. There are a few important functionalities that we need to know about to fully understand backend frameworks. For instance:
- Routing which means that whenever a website receives a particular request, it lets a certain resource to tackle the request.
- Templating which helps you fill-up a particular website with data, based on the data processed by the controller.
- ORM, which stands for Object-Relational Mapping, forms a layer between your model and database.
- The above has given you an idea of what web development frameworks are.
- Now, let’s delve into the two major web development frameworks – namely Django and Laravel.
Django is an open-source framework that is written in Python and serves the purpose of developing complicated websites and online applications.
Django is characterized by a Model-View-Template or MVT architectural pattern, which is well-known for its exclusive lightweight features. They are also popular for their standalone modules, which are used for testing and development.
The Django framework was launched in the year 2005, by the Django Software Foundation. This framework is employed by some of the biggest companies and brands in the world, like Pinterest, Mozilla, Instagram, and so on.
The primary function of the Django framework is to drastically simplify the process of development of complex applications and websites, which in turn saves a lot of time for providers of Django development services Django development services. This is the reason why most startups consider Django as their go-to framework.
Laravel framework was originally created by Tayler Otwell and was initially rolled out in the year 2011. In all these years, Laravel has grown to become one of the most renowned web development frameworks. This has also led to the popularity of Laravel development services Laravel development services, all around the world.
Laravel is ideal for building content management systems because it follows a Model-View-Control architecture.
It eases the process of creating and developing an application from scratch because of the availability of its built-in features, which are meant to make the job of a developer easier.
And now finally we arrive at the point where Django and Laravel are compared head-on, so as to give you a better idea about which of the two is better.
Which One is Better?
Even though Django is mainly meant for back-end development, it has the ability to excel in both the frontend and backend development process. As it is Python-based and comes with Python library files, it is powerful enough to create a high-quality web application.
On the other hand, Laravel is a PHP based framework, it has the ability to perform backend development functions, in addition to server-side processes.
Django lets the developers remain free from clickjacking issues and SQL injection, providing a high degree of overall security to your application.
Laravel also comes with security features up its sleeve. It helps your applications stay free from cross-site scripting. Overall if compared directly, Django provides a higher level of security than Django does.
Ease of Coding
Django is very simple to learn and use, and can also be used by a beginner without any major prior knowledge.
Laravel, on the other hand, needs a developer to have extensive knowledge about PHP development to carry out even the most basic tasks.
Django follows a model-template-view or MTV architectural pattern, whereas Laravel follows a model-view-controller or MVC pattern. The similarity lies in the fact that in both these architecture patterns, the model section manages the database, whereas, the view part displays interactive data to the users.
The controller part in Laravel behaves like an intermediate between the view and the model. The actual difference between the MVT and MVC is the fact that Django has the ability to itself manage the controller part and provide you with a template.
All-in-all, both Django and Laravel are powerful and developer-friendly. If you are a beginner, Django will definitely be a better choice for you to start things up.
Django is a fast and simple framework, which comes with an easy to understand standard library, which helps you develop a pragmatic web application. If you have experience and knowledge, and you wish to develop a high-quality backend portion of an app, then Laravel is the better option, as it comes with PHP.